Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review 2024-06-19T21:48:41+05:00 Dr. Tariq Hussain Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Orients Social Research Consultancy (OSRC) Securities Exchange Commission of Pakistan (N0.ARL/INC4757)</strong> is an educational set up to manage the educational and research activities with modern scientific devices for the welfare and to educate the nation with these objectives</p> <ul> <li>To improve the quality of education and research activities</li> <li>To provide the chance to avail modern method of teaching and learning to students, teachers and researchers.</li> <li>To held conferences, lectures, discussions to raise research activities</li> </ul> <p>Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review (PLHR) publishes original and quality research in all disciplines of social sciences. PLHR is a <strong>Triple-blind peer-reviewed</strong> <strong>open access</strong> multidisciplinary research journal that publishes <strong>Quarterly</strong>. This academic research journal addresses both applied and theoretical issues in social sciences in English language. Likely subscribers are universities, research institutions, governmental, non-governmental agencies and individual researchers.</p> Elements of Human Psychology in Robert Frost's Poem “The Road Not Taken”: A Literary Analysis 2024-06-11T22:59:23+05:00 Shagufta Khurram Zulfiquar Ali Chachar Farhana Yasmeen Qadri <p>The study concentrates on various psychological theories and notions, such as judgment, regret, introspection, and personal development. An American poet, Robert Frost (1874–1963), wrote "The Road Not Taken," a well-known poem first published in 1915. Because of its distinct perspectives and dimensions, "The Road Not Taken" is significant in American literature. This study adopts a qualitative research methodology, with literary analysis as the primary way to gather data. The poem "The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost served as the study's primary data source. In the current study, the researcher has examined the psychological foundations of the poem. We can learn more about the psychological aspects of "The Road Not Taken" and how choices are made and handled by developing an excellent grasp of the human experience. The conclusions drawn from this approach can be used in several disciplines, such as psychology, literature, and philosophy. The study's findings support several recommendations that can be made to improve the comprehension and application of psychological principles in literary analysis, decision-making processes, and interdisciplinary studies. These recommendations include the use of scholarly works in psychological therapy, educational and curriculum development, and the integration of psychological theories in literary studies.</p> 2024-06-01T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review The Construal of Political Perspectives in News Reporting: A Critical Discourse Analysis of CNN and Al-Jazeera 2024-06-11T23:03:10+05:00 Mamona Mahar Zubair Iqbal Malik Salah Ud Din Ahmed <p>News reporting is a source of presenting the legitimacy and credibility of facts with a sense of liveliness and immediacy. The present study aims to explore the Construal of Political Perspectives through News Reporting in electronic media with the assumption that how lexical choices are made to portray a particular ideology by a particular group. Articles which highlight the shaping of updates by channels like CNN, BBC and Al-Jazeera have been analyzed for the foundation of the current study. In the present study, twenty news headlines of electronic media including CNN and Al-Jazeera have been selected from the period of October to December 2023. The headlines are analyzed by applying Tuen A. van Dijk’s Social Cognition Model under the framework of Critical Discourse Analysis. It has been observed in the news that Construal of Political Perspectives is being made through biased news reporting. The research study culminates that use of specific adjectives for one state and not for the other at war delivers partial update, creating a bias in not only the attitudes of the states but also of the audience. The adjectives and particular lexical choices made by the news channels is what is keeping the discursive discourse alive, controlling the biased responses of the audience. It is concluded that media is playing a pivotal role in construing the Political Perspectives via reporting biased news and lexical choices. The results of the present research are a hallmark in comprehending the idea of language exploitation.</p> 2024-06-01T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Voicing the Unvoiced: Exploring the Themes of Prostitution through Verbal Irony in Gangubai Kathiawadi 2024-06-11T23:06:00+05:00 Saira Shabbir Summia Masood Shameer Khan <p>Using the theoretical framework of I.A Richards’ New Criticism, the researcher reveals the covert realities of society and the social treatment towards prostitutes through the plot of Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s movie “Gangubai (2022)”. The researcher, by depicting verbal irony in conversations, signifies the character’s delineation, social critique, and narrative subversion in the movie. These conversational moments are taken as the primary context for the research analysis which follows the qualitative research methodology. It decodes the social conditioning of prostitutes, labeled untouchables and unacceptable, by evaluating the pretentious morality of well-reputed patriarchy and socially accepted against fairgrounds of true morality. It also signifies the truth of political power dynamics by revealing the influencing capabilities of prostitutes. Thus, any fair and moral individual, capable of social guardianship should be given the responsibility of society for prosperity, moral and social peace irrespective of any pathetic conditioned codification. Other practical principles of New Criticism including formal analysis, attentive reading, and attention to textual ambiguity are also implemented by the researcher.</p> 2024-06-02T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review A Comparative Analysis of Metadiscourse Markers in Pakistani and Native English Travel Blogs 2024-06-11T23:09:58+05:00 Hafsa Bibi Samina Ishaq Zarmina Anwaar <p>This study seeks to investigate metadiscourse markers utilized by travel bloggers in both Pakistani English and Native English contexts. Metadiscourse functions as an interaction tool employed by writers to foster a sense of self-reflection and facilitate reciprocal engagement with their readers. In the contemporary context, the burgeoning tourism industry and the widespread use of social media have led to an accelerated exchange of ideas. Employing a mixed- methods analysis, the research focused analysis of interactive and interactional metadiscourse, using Hyland's (2005) Interpersonal Model of Metadiscourse. The researchers employed a convenient sampling technique to collect 15 travel blogs in both Pakistani English and Native English. Findings show that Pakistani English bloggers extensively use both interactional and interactive metadiscourse markers compared to their Native English counterparts. The analysis highlights the prevalence of boosters, transitions, hedges, engagement markers, and self-mentions among bloggers, indicating common strategies. This study reveals cross-cultural nuances in travel blogging by examining metadiscourse markers in both contexts. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of how language influences reader engagement and shapes travel experiences, offering insights valuable for bloggers, linguists, and the tourism industry. The research suggests more in-depth study of metadiscourse markers as an interaction tool across different genres.</p> 2024-06-04T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Human Rights Violations: A Case Study of Palestine (2000-2024) 2024-06-11T23:17:35+05:00 Saqib Khan Warraich Muslim Khan Umair Ahmed <p>Human rights have constantly been violated by Israel backed by America. It is crucial to address the violations to find solution for the issue. It has been commenced from the inception of Israel. However, in this paper, the time from 2000 to 2024 have been examined to provide accurate data and solution to a massive human rights violations in the region. Qualitative methodology and secondary sources have been used to understand the Palestine situation under the human rights theory. As a result, the state of Israel has further enhanced the brutality in the region. To a large extant women, and children have been perished. All these human rights violations have taken place owing to the support of America. In sum, human rights have massively been violated by Israel backed by the US. It shows they have nothing to do with democracy and human rights but selfish interest. Hence, the democratic principles must be redefined and defended by the globe regardless of any influence and discriminations.</p> 2024-06-06T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Measuring the Cognitive Learning of Graduate Students about Zero Conditional Sentences in English at KFUEIT: The Descriptive and Explanatory Analysis 2024-06-13T16:59:43+05:00 Bushra Rasheed Jam Muhammad Zafar Rubina Shaheen <p>The effect of conditional sentences on the cognitive learning of graduate students is important because, in different cognitive tests, the questions related to conditional sentences are included. During the studies, students should have proper awareness and knowledge about conditional sentences. Investigating the awareness, learning, knowledge as well as deficiencies about this topic is necessary. For this survey and descriptive nature study the quantitative and qualitative (QUAN-qual.) method was implemented. The explanatory sequential technique was implied. The researchers analyzed the responses of the participants of the two indicators: type-one indicator conditional sentences, and type-two conditional sentences. The results of the indicators were concerned according to the responses of the students. Results showed that majority of students have consciousness and knowledge of conditional sentences and they try to keep the practice of conditional sentences. The students understand the correct and incorrect sentences. In the end some recommendations are presented on the base of results. The study will prove beneficial for students, educators and future researchers.</p> 2024-06-13T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Perceived Social Support as A Predictor of Perceived Stress in Nursing Students in Pakistan 2024-06-13T18:40:29+05:00 Rabia Mushtaq Riaz Ahmad <p>The objective of present research was to study the predictive association between perceived social support and perceived stress in nursing students in Pakistan. The correlation study was conducted to find if there would be a significant predictive association between perceived social support and perceived stress in student nurses. The sample of 555 nursing students of ages 19-30 years (M= 21.41; SD=2.25) was recruited by using purposive sampling technique. Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Perceived Stress Scale were used in Urdu language as research instruments. Descriptive statistics was used for demographic characteristics of the sample, while Regression analysis was used to analyze the predictive link between study variables. Result indicates the statistically significant predictive relationship between PSS and PS in nursing student (r=.576, p&lt;0.001). It is recommended that social support may play a crucial role in reducing perceived stress and its adverse impacts on mental health of nursing students.</p> 2024-06-13T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Exploring Narrative Techniques and Audience Engagement in Contemporary Crime Cinema: A Case Study of 'The Crew' (2008) 2024-06-15T12:52:47+05:00 Quratulan <p>This research aims to analyze how the film "The Crew" utilizes flashbacks, pacing, and foreshadowing to deepen character development, enhance suspense, and maintain thematic coherence. Storytelling and narrative techniques are crucial in contemporary cinema for engaging audiences. "The Crew" serves as a case study for exploring effective narrative construction, drawing on theoretical concepts from Bordwell, Thompson, and Chatman. This qualitative study involves detailed scene analysis of "The Crew" to examine the application of flashbacks, pacing, and foreshadowing. The research focuses on how these techniques contribute to the film’s narrative structure and audience engagement. The findings reveal that "The Crew" effectively uses pacing to modulate emotional intensity, flashbacks to provide character backstory, and foreshadowing to create anticipation. These techniques enhance character development, suspense, and thematic coherence. The study recommends incorporating these narrative techniques to achieve a deeper engagement and emotional response from audiences, contributing to more effective storytelling in contemporary cinema.</p> 2024-06-14T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Exploring the Dynamics of Personal and Historical Realities in Selected South Asian Postmodern Novels 2024-06-15T13:08:12+05:00 Nida Masroor Muhammad Ajmal <p>This study aims to investigate the different ways that historical narrative changes in the selected postmodern fiction. South Asian English literature has prominently demonstrated its profound concern with history and its significance in the current global context. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of English novels through Pakistani and Indian authors that are commonly categorized as postmodern historiographic literary metafiction. Postmodern fiction writers typically diverge from the conventional portrayal of historical events. Postmodern fiction writers typically diverge from the conventional portrayal of historical events. This study focuses on four novels: Kamila Shamsie's Burnt Shadows, Amitav Ghosh's Sea of Poppies, Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner, and Michael Ondaatje's The English Patient. Utilizing textual analysis as a qualitative and descriptive research approach, this study applies Linda Hutcheon's theoretical concept from 1985. These novels employ unique storytelling techniques and multiple perspectives to reinterpret conventional history, challenging the dominance of traditional historical fiction. The study concludes that such novels alter conventional historical narratives by incorporating elements of intertextuality, self-reflexivity, and fragmentation.</p> 2024-06-15T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Desubalternity: A Psychoanalytical Study of Displacement of Emotions in Carol Ann Duffy’s The World’s Wife 2024-06-15T13:14:28+05:00 Mashal Bushra Siddiqui <p>The research examines the characters and their interrelated relationships as an outlet of their psychological burden which they share as same sex. By scrutinizing the elements of psychological displacement of emotions, the research tries to identify the gap between the realities and how by giving voice to these characters, the repressed desires are being transferred and changing the narrative for the reader. The research analyzes selected poems from the collection The World’s Wife by Carol Ann Duffy through the lens of psychoanalytical process of displacement. The selected poems deconstruct the gender politics and emphasize on the narrative of the silenced female mythological and historical figures. By identifying displacement of emotions in the female characters and analyzing those emotions through introversion and the gender politics that it creates, the concept of desubalternity comes to shore. The research actively traces the collective metamorphosis of the female characters without being a critique on masculinity which paints the complex image of the phenomenon of being doubly marginalized and how these characters’ model introversion through desubalternity. The paper suggests that peeling both layers of marginalization is required to gain a true sense of power.</p> 2024-06-15T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review The Role of Pirs and Shrines in the Politics of Pakistan: A case study of District Toba Tek Singh 2024-06-16T20:02:36+05:00 Irfan Farooq <p>This research studied the factors that tend to influence the engagement of the Pir and shrines during and after the election process. Most Muslims in Toba Tek Singh identify as Pirs and Shrines have had a considerable effect on the region's religious landscape; neither their patronage nor their patrons' loyalty to them has served as a reliable foundation for overt political activity in the area. Shrines and Pirs were closely related to politics in the 21st century. The Shrines and Pirs gave rise to a humanist approach to politics observed in Toba Tek Singh, and through such traditions, local authorities get benefitted politically and economically. The qualitative research methodology is opted in this research by collecting empirical data to produce more relevant findings on a thorough study of electors. This research found out that most individuals strongly believe in the advantages of shrines with their Pirs and routinely visit them to fulfil their sociological, economic, psychological, and spiritual needs. This study insights that, the shrine phenomenon should be further studied at both the macro and micro levels to understand what political dynamics are fostering or enhancing the circumstance of shrine politics to make it less prevalent as it is crucial in affecting voter behavior in elections.</p> 2024-06-16T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review Countering Feminist Dystopia in The Thing Around Your Neck through the Lens of Dear Ijeawele: A Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions 2024-06-19T21:48:41+05:00 Mah e Nao Maha Hijab Sikandar Charisma Wafee <p>The paper explores how the female characters of The Thing Around Your Neck delve into a dystopian existence where their life was marked by systematic oppression and how they fought the grim situations through the powerful counterpoints suggested in the form of fifteen suggestions in Dear Ijeawele: A Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions. The paper echoes the status of women in Nigerian society and specifically in Igbo culture, where the treatment of women is hinged on the dictates of patriarchy; however, their reformist attitude shows the evolution of the female characters from submissive, subjugated and suppressed to headstrong, assertive and liberated women. By using the model of feminist critical discourse analysis (FCDA), the research qualitatively explores the author's resistance to gender biases. Feminist utopian writers included dystopian warnings in their texts, but Adichie has turned the tables by adding hopeful notions in dystopian writing.</p> 2024-06-19T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review