A Phono-graphological Study of Frost’s After Apple Picking


  • Muhammad Riaz Lecturer, Department of English, BZU (Multan), Bahadur Sub-campus Layyah, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Yousaf Iqbal Visiting Lecturer, Department of English, BZU (Multan), Bahadur Sub-campus Layyah, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Snobra Rizwan Assistant Professor, Department of English, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan




Alliteration, Assonance, Consonance, Contraction, Iambic Hexameter, Iambic Pentameter, Phono-graphological


The objective of this study is to examine the stylistic devices utilized by Robert Frost in his famous poetic work After Apple Picking. The stylistic dimensions specifically phonographic techniques employed by the poet in the text have been traced out, and interpreted subsequently. Previously, no extensive effort has been made to point out the stylistic features of the poem under investigation, although a few studies have been done pertaining to the area of literary criticism. Whereas, the present study investigates the usage of stylistic devices by the American poet, Robert Frost. The researchers’ aim is to trace out the literal as well as metaphorical aspects of the poem to develop a systemic interpretative perspective for understanding of poetic expressions artistically crafted through various phonographic devices such as assonance, consonance, alliteration, rhyme scheme and other graphological elements as contraction, punctuation marks, etc. The speaker of the poem seems tired, drowsy and dreamy. Hence, the poem has abundant sensuous appeal which reminds us of Keats’ Ode to Autumn. The study would be beneficial for the readers to comprehend the poet’s point of view from stylistic perspective.





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How to Cite

Riaz, M., Iqbal, Y., & Rizwan, S. (2022). A Phono-graphological Study of Frost’s After Apple Picking. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 6(3), 840–848. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2022(6-III)73