Evolution of Left-Wing Thought: Tracing Ancient Roots to Contemporary Ideologies


  • Dr. Afshan Aziz Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan




Egalitarianism, Left wing politics, Mao Zedong, Marxist-Leninism, Russian Revolution, Socialist thoughts


This article comprehensively traces the evolution of left-wing thought from ancient civilizations to contemporary ideologies, highlighting its enduring legacy in advocating for equality and collective well-being. The concept of 'left' symbolizes a departure from traditional hierarchies in favor of a society where the welfare of all supersedes the privileges of a few. Its origins lie in ancient communal living and fairness ideals, championed by thinkers like Plato and fueled by the French Revolution. The article examines historical developments, focusing on figures such as Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, and Mao Zedong and their contributions to socialist and communist ideologies. It also explores how left-wing principles manifest in indigenous communities and religious movements. Left-wing thought has profoundly shaped political discourse, advocating for equality and collective well-being from ancient times to modern revolutions and global movements. This exploration underscores the enduring pursuit of equality and justice, inspiring continued efforts toward a more equitable world.





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How to Cite

Aziz, A. (2023). Evolution of Left-Wing Thought: Tracing Ancient Roots to Contemporary Ideologies. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 7(3), 403–416. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2023(7-III)35