Circumstantial Analysis of Exit West: Deconstructing Migration


  • Sundar Huma Lecturer, Department of English, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Murad MPhil, Department of English, Government College University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Sana Nawaz Lecturer, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan



Circumstance, Exit West, Migration Issue, Over Crowdedness, Transitivity Analysis, War


This study explored the ideology of migration issues in Exit West. The ideology was explored by analyzing the linguistic choices. The framework applied in the study was Halliday’s model of transitivity (2014). Analysis had been done taking circumstance of Halliday’s transitivity as major stance of analysis. UAM corpus tool (3.0) had helped in annotation of text. Mixed method approach had been used for this study. Quantitative results gave the statistical information about the distribution of linguistic choices. Qualitative results explained the validity of quantitative results. The results had depicted that the major form of circumstance used in the text had been the circumstance of location (73%). Circumstance of accompaniment (10%), role (3%), contingency (>1%), matter (1.5%), manner (8%), cause (2%) and extent (>1%) used in the text revealed the issues of migration under various circumstances. The results had also shown that the causes of migration are inhumane human actions that destroy the human existence. It also explored refugee crisis as biasness against migrants. This study will contribute for future studies of literature and its analysis. It would give a deep insight to the subject of migration through linguistic choices of circumstance of location, accompaniment, manner, role, cause, matter and extent.





    Abstract Views: 199
    PDF Downloads: 120

How to Cite

Huma, S., Murad, M., & Nawaz, S. (2023). Circumstantial Analysis of Exit West: Deconstructing Migration. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 7(4), 115–124.