Administrative Problems of Heads of Secondary Schools affecting their Self-Efficacy


  • Sardar Fatima M. Phil Scholar, Department of Advanced Studies in Education IER, Punjab University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Lubna Tanweer Lecturer, Department of Business Administration Faculty of Management & Information Sciences KASBIT Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Dr. Nighat Sana Kirmani Assistant Professor, Department of Science Education IER, Punjab University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan



Administrative problem, Secondary Schools’ Head, Self-efficacy


The purpose of the study was to find out the Heads’ problems they face while performing the administrative tasks and as a result, affecting their self-efficacy. These problems are related to finance and school management, problems related to the head's community relationship, problems related to the heads’ super-ordinate relationship, problems related to interpersonal relationships, problems related to management and school funds, personal problems of heads and physical and material resources. The study aimed to investigate the head teachers’ views on the reasons for the problems and ways in which the problems may be solved. The survey research method was used for this study. A questionnaire was comprised of 37 close-ended statements developed on 5 points Likert-type scale. The reliability of the instrument was found at 0.938. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the sample of 400 head teachers from two districts Lahore and Sargodha. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Independent t-test, and, Pearson r correlation were computed to determine the affect and relationship of heads problem with self-efficacy. It is determined that there is strong negative affect of heads’ problems on their self-efficacy. It was also concluded that there is a large negative relationship between Heads’ administrative problems and self-efficacy. Where administrative problems increase, the self-efficacy of heads is affected.





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How to Cite

Fatima, S., Tanweer, L., & Kirmani, N. S. (2023). Administrative Problems of Heads of Secondary Schools affecting their Self-Efficacy. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 7(1), 564–572.