Evaluating Human Situation in the Age of Biotechnology: A Study of Huxley’s Brave New World


  • Muhammad Mubashar Nawaz Assistant Professor, Department of English, Govt. Graduate College, Jhelum, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Khurram Shahzad Senior English Teacher, Department of English, International School of Pakistan, Khaitan, Kuwait
  • Dr. Akhtar Aziz Assistant Professor, Department of English, International Islamic University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan




Biotechnology, Human Identity, Neuropharmacology, Post Human, Technology, Vulnerabilities


The article studies the psychological, social, and political effects on human life of the proliferation of technology and analyses whether technology enhances human vulnerability or reduces it by using Fukuyama’s concepts about the post human future. He is of the view that the first three stages of development in biotechnology: greater knowledge about genetic causation, neuropharmacology, and the prolongation of life, will all have important consequences for the politics of the twenty-first century. In the face of the challenge from a technology like this, where good and bad are intimately connected, one feels baffled and ambivalent about whether to plunge into technologically-ridden posthuman world or not as many of the theorists have presented their views both for and against technologism. The present article analyses Brave New World to see which predictions by scientists and theorists carry weight in science fiction and to assess the condition and situation of humans who are the inhabitants of the posthuman world.





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How to Cite

Mubashar Nawaz, M., Shahzad, K., & Aziz, A. (2022). Evaluating Human Situation in the Age of Biotechnology: A Study of Huxley’s Brave New World. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 6(2), 478–489. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2022(6-II)42