Factors Pushing the People of Tribal Areas for Migration in The Shadow of The Crescent Moon by Fatima Bhutto

Authors

  • Abu Bakar Ahmed Lecturer, School of English, Minhaj University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Mahrosh BS English, School of English, Minhaj University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muqaddas-un-Nisa Tariq BS English, School of English, Minhaj University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2024(8-I)39

Keywords:

Cultural Dislocation, Everett Lee, Fatima Bhutto, Sufferings, Theory of Migration, Trauma, Tribal areas, War on Terror

Abstract

This research explores the complex issue of forced migration in tribal areas, particularly focusing on the impact of the war on terror on these communities. The Federally Administrated Tribal areas (FATA) in Pakistan have historically been conflicted region.  The Shadow of the Crescent Moon by Fatima Bhutto portrays the intricate web of socio-political, economic, and psychological factors that drive the tribal populations towards migration. Push Factors in Everett Lee’s A Theory of Migration (1966) provides an insight to understand the factors compelling individuals and families to leave their ancestral homes and seek refuge elsewhere. This research provides a comprehensive overview of the historical context and the evolution of the war on terror in tribal areas. It examines the push factors such as military operations, displacement, and economic hardship that force these communities to abandon their homes. The method of Textual Analysis has been employed to critically evaluate the text to explore Everett Lee’s perception of push factors. The research explored that the factors effecting economic and political stability, terrorism and hope for better future pushed people to migration.

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Published

2024-02-12

Details

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    PDF Downloads: 12

How to Cite

Ahmed, A. B., Mahrosh, & Tariq, M. un N. (2024). Factors Pushing the People of Tribal Areas for Migration in The Shadow of The Crescent Moon by Fatima Bhutto. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 8(1), 430–440. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2024(8-I)39