Traversing the Third Space: Hybridity, Alienation, and Non-Assimilation in Mohsin Hamid’s The Reluctant Fundamentalist

Authors

  • Syed Faisal Sajjad Shah MPhil Scholar (English Literature), Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, NUML Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Khokhar Assistant Professor, Institute of English, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Waqar Ul Haq MPhil Scholar (English Literature), Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, NUML Islamabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2024(8-II)02

Keywords:

Alienation, Assimilation, Hybridity, Identity Crisis, Mohsin Hamid, Third Space

Abstract

The present study aims at exploring the issues of third space, hybridity, and the identity crisis of Pakistani people living in the West, especially in the United States of America, in light of the analysis of Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist‎. Homi K. Bhabha's idea of the third space has been used as the theoretical framework to analyse the text. According to the study of Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist, the greatest hindrance to natural and mutually beneficial connections across many nations and cultures is American society's hatred and lack of acceptance for individuals from other cultures. Moreover, the study underscores the stark truth that Pakistani citizens, notwithstanding their sincere efforts, ultimately find themselves trapped in a liminal space that exists between their native culture and the host culture, rendering those aliens in both. This heightened degree of alienation is manifested in the characters' hardships, which illustrate the enormous obstacles they face when attempting to assimilate into a culture that frequently sustains feelings of estrangement and exclusion.

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Published

2024-04-01

Details

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    PDF Downloads: 56

How to Cite

Shah, S. F. S., Khokhar, M. I., & Haq, W. U. (2024). Traversing the Third Space: Hybridity, Alienation, and Non-Assimilation in Mohsin Hamid’s The Reluctant Fundamentalist. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 8(2), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2024(8-II)02