Effectiveness of Code-Switching in Pakistani University ESL Classroom: Action Research

Authors

  • Amna Murad Lecturer, Centre For Foreign Languages, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Shabana Zafar Lecturer, Department of Linguistics and Communication, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Zakia Mushtaq Lecturer, Department of Linguistics and Communication, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2024(8-II)04

Keywords:

Action Research, Code-Switching, ESL

Abstract

Code-switching (CS) in English Second Language (ESL) classrooms is among the most debated topics in educational circles. This study reports action research results addressing the effectiveness of code-switching as an ESL teaching technique for low-achiever undergraduate students of a private university in Lahore. The study includes 50 English language learners at the beginner level. The researchers conducted action research with that class using a CS teaching methodology for reading comprehension. For data collection, focused group interviews, questionnaires, and observations were incorporated. The findings suggest that CS is effective in three ways: It enhances understanding of the English content; Students feel more confident and responsive to comprehension-based questions; CS aids in creating a good rapport between the teacher and students. The research helped the researcher to improve the overall class environment resulting a productive teaching-learning process.

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Published

2024-04-01

Details

    Abstract Views: 29
    PDF Downloads: 26

How to Cite

Murad, A., Zafar, S., & Mushtaq, Z. (2024). Effectiveness of Code-Switching in Pakistani University ESL Classroom: Action Research. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 8(2), 28–36. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2024(8-II)04