The Role of Pirs and Shrines in the Politics of Pakistan: A case study of District Toba Tek Singh


  • Irfan Farooq MS Security and Strategic Studies, Department of Political Sciences and International Relations, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan



Elections, Pirs, Politics, Shrines, Toba Tek Singh


This research studied the factors that tend to influence the engagement of the Pir and shrines during and after the election process. Most Muslims in Toba Tek Singh identify as Pirs and Shrines have had a considerable effect on the region's religious landscape; neither their patronage nor their patrons' loyalty to them has served as a reliable foundation for overt political activity in the area. Shrines and Pirs were closely related to politics in the 21st century. The Shrines and Pirs gave rise to a humanist approach to politics observed in Toba Tek Singh, and through such traditions, local authorities get benefitted politically and economically. The qualitative research methodology is opted in this research by collecting empirical data to produce more relevant findings on a thorough study of electors. This research found out that most individuals strongly believe in the advantages of shrines with their Pirs and routinely visit them to fulfil their sociological, economic, psychological, and spiritual needs. This study insights that, the shrine phenomenon should be further studied at both the macro and micro levels to understand what political dynamics are fostering or enhancing the circumstance of shrine politics to make it less prevalent as it is crucial in affecting voter behavior in elections.





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How to Cite

Farooq, I. (2024). The Role of Pirs and Shrines in the Politics of Pakistan: A case study of District Toba Tek Singh. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 8(2), 96–102.