The Acquisition of Principles and Parameters by Children Learning Urdu

Authors

  • Dr. Shamim Ara Shams Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics and Literature, Karakoram International University Gilgit. Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan
  • Zia ul Haq Anwar Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics and Literature, Karakoram International University Gilgit. Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan
  • Dr. Samreen Zaheer Lecturer, Department of English, National University of Modern Languages (NUML) Quetta Campus, Balochistan, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2022(6-IV)51

Keywords:

Language acquisition, Minimalist program, Principles and Parameters

Abstract

The present study attempts to explore the parameters and principles set by children while acquiring Urdu. Learning a language involves the acquisition of lexical as well as syntactic knowledge. The objectives of the study were to find out the parametric setting and wh-parameters used by the children while learning Urdu. Principles and parameters theory of Chomsky advocates that language learning involves learning lexical items and syntactic knowledge which is basic knowledge of putting words together in a sentence. The utterances of a child of 24 months were recorded for four months and analyzed using the theoretical framework of Principles and Parameters presented by Chomsky. The analysis of the data focused on null subjects, word order variation, wh parameter, and head position parameter. The study found that children set the parameters quite early on in life and follow them consistently. The present study did not find any evident deviation or miss-setting of parameters. This research recommends to exploring the gender variation in parametric settings using a large sample.

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Published

2022-12-30

Details

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    PDF Downloads: 165

How to Cite

Shams, S. A., Anwar, Z. ul H., & Zaheer, S. (2022). The Acquisition of Principles and Parameters by Children Learning Urdu. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 6(4), 562–570. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2022(6-IV)51