An Overview of the Information Processing Approach and its Application to Memory, Language, and Working Memory
Keywords:Cognitive Neuroscience, Information Processing Approach, Working Memory
This article reviews the Information Processing Approach, examining its application to memory, language, and working memory. The Information Processing Approach, a reaction to behaviorism, proposes that the mind handles information in stages. The study delves into the primary ideas of bottom-up and top-down processing, which elucidate how sensory input is transformed into more advanced cognitive processes. This study conducted a thorough analysis of relevant literature on the Information Processing Approach, memory, language, and Working Memory, including recent developments in cognitive neuroscience. It was identified that the Information Processing Approach is useful for comprehending how the mind processes information. The connection between memory and language is crucial, with language processing being essential for memory. Working Memory components and constraints, such as age, distraction, and cognitive load, were identified in the study. Further research is required to refine the Information Processing Approach, explore its application to other cognitive processes, and investigate its practical implications for cognitive functioning, learning, and education.
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