The Role of Urdu Literature in the Independence Struggle of the Subcontinent

Authors

  • Dr. Aurang Zaib Assistant Professor, Department of Arts & Humanities, BUITEMS, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Yasir Lecturer, Department of Arts & Humanities, BUITEMS, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan
  • Mohammad Usman Lecturer, Department of Arts & Humanities, BUITEMS, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2023(7-I)38

Keywords:

Hali, Hindustan, Iqbal, Literature, Muslims, Premchand, Urdu Poets, Urdu

Abstract

This study reviews and analyzes the significant role and contribution of Urdu poetry in India’s independence movement. The poets like Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, Wali Shah, Hatim, Mir, Sauda, Mir Hasan, Insha Allah Khan, and Anis showcase India's scenery, customs, traditions, social norms, history, chaos, stories, metaphors, and symbols. Azad and Hali shaped the Indian temperament of Urdu poetry, while poets like Iqbal contributed to the development of Urdu literature, satirizing Western politics and promoting the universality and inclusiveness of India's culture. Akbar and Shibli's poetry in India played a significant role in elevating possessions and reducing fear of the West. Adab-e-Lateef emerged before the First World War, blending religion, politics, and literature. Allama Iqbal merged religious sentiment with political consciousness and literary flavor, transforming Indian Muslims from nawabs to freedom fighters. The progressive movement led by Premchand and Iqbal brought the spirit of India to life, teaching the art of realism and transforming Urdu short stories from romance to reality. Urdu poets remain monotheists, embracing unity and diverse manifestations despite political isolation and fragmentation. The achievements of Urdu writers and poets will be recorded in golden letters, instilling a sense of freedom in slaves and insisting on transforming freedom into a paradise of humanity and civilization.

Downloads

Published

2023-03-31

Details

    Abstract Views: 115
    PDF Downloads: 51

How to Cite

Zaib, A., Yasir, M., & Usman, M. (2023). The Role of Urdu Literature in the Independence Struggle of the Subcontinent. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 7(1), 421–433. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2023(7-I)38