Cultural Beliefs' Influence on Child Health-Seeking Behavior in Laos and Pakistan: Exploring Infant Mortality Rate


  • Dr. Muhbat Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Dr. Saleh Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, Superior University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Amir Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Sindhi, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh, Pakistan



Child Fatality Rate, Healthcare Frameworks, Health-Seeking Tendencies


This research paper aims to explore the factors contributing to infant mortality rates (IMR) and the associated health-seeking behaviors, practices, and policy reforms in Laos and Pakistan. It highlights commonalities observed in both countries, such as a reliance on traditional health practices, limited awareness of modern healthcare systems, and a lack of health education. In an effort to combat IMR, the governments of Laos and Pakistan have launched various initiatives, including the Skilled Birth Attendance (SBA) development plan and primary healthcare programs, often in collaboration with international development partners. These initiatives have been designed with the overarching goal of achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and reducing IMR within their respective nations. Additionally, both governments have partnered with international organizations to implement healthcare programs, with a particular emphasis on maternal and child healthcare (MCHC) as a strategy to reduce infant mortality rates. Moreover, this paper investigates the influence of social and cultural beliefs on infant health, providing valuable insights for healthcare practitioners. By examining the cultural factors that affect child health-seeking behavior in Laos and Pakistan, it seeks to offer a comprehensive understanding of the complex interplay between culture and healthcare in these two nations.





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How to Cite

Shah, M. A., Shah, S., & Shah, A. A. (2023). Cultural Beliefs’ Influence on Child Health-Seeking Behavior in Laos and Pakistan: Exploring Infant Mortality Rate. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 7(4), 77–86.