Commodification of Women in Ha Jin’s Waiting: A Feminist Critique

Authors

  • Umber Adil M. Phil English, Department of English, Govt. College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Prof. Dr. Mazhar Hayat Chairperson, Department of English, Govt. College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Saira Akhter Assistant Professor, Department of English, Govt. College Women University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2022(6-I)9

Keywords:

Commodification, Culture, Patriarchy, Sexuality, Suppression

Abstract

This study aims to create an awareness against the unlawful act of the society. It depends on the conviction that women in various cultural backgrounds are dealt with heavy hands by men. The females have long been the target of commodification and discrimination in various cultural contexts. Similarly, multiple cultural and economic factors are involved in the suppression of women in China where they have long been denied their essential rights and the freedom of opinion. The work under study offers Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s feminist critique of the patriarchal culture in China in Ha Jin’s Waiting in which he recounts the story of two Chinese women who suffered for eighteen years because of a man whose service rules prohibited him to divorce his wife to marry another woman. The findings of this textual analysis recommend that women should not be steered by men to behave and respond stereotypically in the society.

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Published

2022-03-31

Details

    Abstract Views: 143
    PDF Downloads: 159

How to Cite

Adil, U., Hayat, M., & Akhter, S. (2022). Commodification of Women in Ha Jin’s Waiting: A Feminist Critique. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 6(1), 100–111. https://doi.org/10.47205/plhr.2022(6-I)9